LEST WE FORGET
Flight Sergeant Frank PULLOM
Service No: 414161
Born: Queque, Rhodesia, 21 November 1914
Enlisted in the RAAF: 16 August 1941 (at Brisbane QLD)
Unit: No. 467 Squadron, RAF Station Bottesford, Lincolnshire
Died: Air Operations: (No. 467 Squadron Lancaster aircraft ED621), Germany, 3 October 1943, Aged 28 Years
Buried: Durnbach War Cemetery, Bad Tolz, Bayern, Germany
CWGC Additional Information: Son of Albert and Lilian Maude Pullom, of Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire, Scotland
Roll of Honour: Innisfail QLD
Remembered: Panel 111, Commemorative Area, Australian War Memorial, Canberra ACT
Date: 2-3 October 1943
Total Force: Dispatched – 294, Attacking – 273
RAAF Force: No. 460 Dispatched – 18, Attacking – 18; No. 467 Dispatched – 17, Attacking – 14
Tons of Bombs Dropped: 958
Total Aircraft Lost: 7
RAAF Aircraft Lost: No. 460 – 2; No. 467 – 2
The dangerously high ratio of casualties to positive success on these long distance raids caused great anxiety, and on 2nd-3rd October two tactical expedients were introduced by Bomber Command. Firstly to improve bombing, the Pathfinders dropped flares over the Wurm Lake so that aircraft could make a timed run into the centre of Munich. There was still a tendency for incendiary bombs to fall shorts and Flight Lieutenant Locke (1) who made a painstaking approach estimated that the main fires were four miles away from the centre of the city. This was later confirmed by photographs which showed the business and residential areas largely intact although significant isolated damage had resulted in outlying suburbs. The whole raid was over within fifteen minutes and, although fighters were present over the target, they had fewer opportunities there. The second innovation was an angle interposed in the bombers ‘ withdrawal route, so that German fighters airborne to attack them during the return flight assembled in incorrect positions Nevertheless it was a costly night for Nos. 460 and 467, each of which lost two Lancasters out of the total of seven which failed to return from the whole force. Many Australian crews also commented on insufficiency of petrol for evasive routeing on such a long trip. One Lancaster of No. 460 had to put down at Tangmere as soon as it reached the English coast, and Pilot Officer McIver, an experienced pilot of No. 467, was killed when he crashed into the Channel twenty-five miles short of the nearest emergency airfield. These raids, although far from faultless, caused worthwhile damage to railway communications and an I .G. Farben instrument factory.
(1) Flight Lieutenant Harry Baker Locke DSO DFC (401980) Discharged from the RAAF: 1 July 1947
Extracts from Herington, J. (John) (406545) Air War Against Germany and Italy 1939-1943, Australian War Memorial, Canberra, 1954 – Page 597-8
Lancaster ED621 took off from RAF Bottesford at 1830 hours on the night of 2/3rd October 1943 to bomb Munich, Germany. The bomb load was 1 x 4000 lb (pound) (1,800 kg) bomb, 84 x 30 lb (14 kg), 600 x 4 lb (2 kg) incendiaries. Nothing was heard from the aircraft after take off and it did not return to base. Seventeen aircraft from the Squadron took part in the raid and two of these including ED621 failed to return. Post war it was established that all the crew members had been killed.
The crew members of ED621 were:
Sergeant William James Baker 91334345) (RAFVR) (Wireless Operator Air Gunner)
Sergeant Gordon Kenneth Barnes (546801) (RAF) (Flight Engineer)
Flying Officer Milton Edwin Garbutt (413976) (Navigator)
Pilot Officer Robert Harder (415692) (RNZAF) (Pilot)
Flight Sergeant Graham Ernest Potter (410088) (Bomb Aimer)
Flight Sergeant Frank Pullom (414161) (Rear Gunner)
Sergeant Norman Sidaway (1499834) (RAFVR) (Mid Upper Gunner)
Flight Sergeant Allan Walter Wright (418609) (Second Navigator)
No. 460 Squadron lost Lancaster W4301 (Sergeant William Edward Edmonds (414919) (Air Gunner)) on 2 October 1943.
No. 460 Squadron lost Lancaster JA856 (Pilot Officer Frank Leathley Robinson Lloyd DFM (412552) (Pilot)) on 2 October 1943.
No. 467 Squadron lost Lancaster ED530 (Pilot Officer Kenneth Archibald McIver DFC (412636) (Pilot)) on 3 October5 1943.
Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour On-Line Records (RAAF Casualty Information compiled by Alan Storr (409804))
Commonwealth War Graves Commission On-Line Records
Department of Veteran’s Affairs On-Line WWII Nominal Roll
National Archives of Australia On-Line Record A705, 166/33/81