Flight Sergeant Robert William MARONEY

Service No: 413315
Born: Young NSW, 22 February 1923
Enlisted in the RAAF: 16 August 1941
Unit: No. 466 Squadron, RAF Leconfield, Yorkshire
Died: Air Operations:  (No. 466 Squadron Wellington aircraft HE150), Germany, 12 June 1943, Aged 20 Years
Buried: Rheinberg War Cemetery, Kamp Lintfort, Nordrhein-Westfal, Germany
CWGC Additional Information: Son of Maj. John Leslie Maroney and Marie Gladys Maroney, of Randwick, New South Wales, Australia.
Roll of Honour: Young NSW
Remembered: Panel 110, Commemorative Area, Australian War Memorial, Canberra ACT
Remembered: Young Soldiers’ Memorial Clock Tower and memorial Boards, Young NSW
Remembered: Tyagong District Roll of Honour, Grenfell NSW
Remembered: Hennessy Catholic College Community Memorial, Young NSW

Date: 11-12 June 1943
Target: Dusseldorf
Total Force: Dispatched – 783, Attacking – 693
RAAF Force: No. 460 Dispatched – 27, Attacking – 22; No. 466 Dispatched – 16, Attacking – 16; No. 467 Dispatched – 18, Attacking – 17
Tons of Bombs Dropped: 1,968
Total Aircraft Lost: 38
RAAF Aircraft Lost: No. 460 – 1; No. 466 – 2; No. 467 – 2

In perfect visibility the Pathfinders accurately placed their target-indicator bombs in the centre of the city. The main force of bombers, again including Nos. 460, 466 and 467, arrived promptly in a solid stream which soon had the effect of swamping the gun and searchlight ground defences which on this occasion were in full operation. A few of the Australians attacking early were caught and held in the beams of several searchlights and some had to jettison their bombs to take emergency evasive action, but the majority of bombs fell squarely in the heart of Dusseldorf and soon large fires began to get out of control. Over a third of the business and residential property in the centre of Dusseldorf proper was destroyed or damaged and sixty-four factories sustained varying degrees of damage. But this notable victory was not lightly gained, for once again German night fighters were very active both over Dusseldorf and along the line of flight and withdrawal. Five RAAF bombers failed to return and several others were very badly damaged. During this raid Flight Sergeant Williams (1), the Australian rear gunner of a Halifax of No. 35 Squadron (RAF) who had already been decorated twice for bravery in action, showed remarkable courage and ability when his aircraft was attacked by two night fighters. The initial attack destroyed the rear-turret mechanism and Williams sustained several bullet wounds in the legs and body. His cool mind now mastered his pain so that when the second fighter attacked he gave his pilot the correct directions for evasion and himself opened fire, hitting the enemy which exploded in the air. The first fighter then resumed the attack, but Williams, although temporarily partially paralysed, succeeded in destroying it. He remained at his post throughout the return journey and the turret then had to be cut away to release him. His shooting ability, sense of anticipation and above all his determination, undoubtedly contributed largely to the return of a valuable crew and aircraft.

(1) Squadron Leader Norman Francis Williams CGM DFM (411624) was discharged from the RAAF on 4 May 1948.

Extracts from Herington, J. (John) (406545) Air War Against Germany and Italy 1939-1943, Australian War Memorial, Canberra, 1954 – Pages 489-90

Wellington HE150 took off from RAF Leconfield at 2316 hours on the night of 11/12th June 1943 to bomb Dusseldorf, Germany. Nothing was heard from the aircraft after take off and it did not return to base. Post war it was established that the aircraft crashed in the vicinity of Munchen Gladbach. German eye witnesses stated that the aircraft on being hit by anti-aircraft fire exploded in the air and all the crew members were killed.

The crew members of HE150 were:

Pilot Officer Edward Maurice Gold (1312265) (RAFVR) (Wireless Operator Air Gunner)
Flight Sergeant Trevor Charles Herbert (1575212) (RAFVR) (Bomb Aimer)
Flying Officer Frank MacKelden (125698) (RAFVR) (Pilot)
Flight Sergeant Robert William Maroney (413315) (Second Pilot)
Sergeant Alexander George Rawlins (1219018) (RAFVR) (Rear Gunner)
Flying Officer Stephen Roxburgh (125572) (RAFVR) (Navigator)

No. 460 Squadron lost Lancaster W4960 (Flight Sergeant Robert Stanley Christie (416324) (Pilot)) on 12 June 1943.

No. 466 Squadron lost Wellington HE154 (Flight Sergeant Fletcher William Randall Green (408829) (Pilot)) on 12 June 1943.

No. 467 Squadron lost Lancaster ED304 (Flight Sergeant Basil Frederick Wilmot (401083) (Pilot)) on 12 June 1943.

No. 467 Squadron lost Lancaster W4983 (Squadron Leader Benjamin Southam Ambrose (40040) (Second Pilot)) on 12 June 1943.


Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour On-Line Records (RAAF Casualty Information compiled by Alan Storr (409804))
Commonwealth War Graves Commission On-Line Records
Department of Veteran’s Affairs On-Line WWII Nominal Roll
Register of War Memorials in New South Wales On-Line
National Archives of Australia On-Line Record A705, 166/27/145