Flight Sergeant John Vincent CRUIKSHANK

Service No: 403504
Born: Sydney NSW, 7 July 1919
Enlisted in the RAAF: 1 February 1941
Unit: No. 459 Squadron, Idku, Egypt
Died: Air Operations (No. 459 Squadron Hudson aircraft V9027), Idku, 10 July 1942, Aged 23 Years
Buried: Alexandria (Hadra) War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt
CWGC Additional Information: Son of Sydney Herbert and Ann Alexander Cruikshank, of Leichhardt, New South Wales, Australia.
Roll of Honour: Leichardt NSW
Remembered: Panel 106, Commemorative Area, Australian War Memorial, Canberra ACT
Remembered: Leichardt Memorial, Leichardt NSW

Cyrenaican ports were repeatedly bombed—at Benghazi by Halifaxes, on loan from the United Kingdom, and Liberators; and at Tobruk by the Wellingtons of No. 205 Group which were released from the land battle on 7th July. Even the supplies which cleared the ports had to face a long road haul up to the front line under continual danger of attack from light bombers, and farther forward from fighter – bombers. This strategic task of systematically throttling the supplies of the Panzer Army Africa remained the prime task of RAF units throughout the late summer of 1942 except when the needs of the Eighth Army in attack or defence necessitated a temporary return to tactical ground support.

Extract from Herington, J. (John) Air War Against Germany and Italy 1939-1943, Australian War Memorial, Canberra, 1954 – Page 253

On 9th July, No. 459 Squadron received orders to send all available aircraft to Idku, east of Alexandria for operations. Nine Hudsons were sent and on arrival at Idku, a small airstrip described as a narrow strip of sand fringed by tall palm trees, crews learnt that they were to make their first concerted attack against a known enemy convoy attempting to reach Tobruk. Tobruk, earlier in Australian hands, had been occupied by German forces for less than three weeks at that time. Part of the operations problem lay in the choice of the Idku airfield with which crews were unfamiliar. On 10 July 1942, two aircraft crashed in the dark of the pre-dawn take-off with the loss of both crews; FH 247 failed to clear the palm trees and crashed in flames, while V 9027 was found early next morning upside down just off-shore.

Extract from Vincent, D. (David) The RAAF Hudson Story Book 1, D. Vincent Highbury SA 5089, 1989 – Page 234

The crew members of V9027 were:

Flight Sergeant Leslie Broomfield (404397) (Wireless Operator Air Gunner)
Flight Sergeant John Vincent Cruikshank (403504) (Wireless Operator Air Gunner)
Pilot Officer Charles Patrick Lawton (406251) (Navigator)
Flight Sergeant Frank Gibney Livingstone (400891) (Pilot)


Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour On-Line Records
Department of Veteran’s Affairs On-Line WWII Nominal Roll
Commonwealth War Graves Commission On-Line Records
National Archives of Australia On-Line Record A9816, 145 (No. 459 Squadron Unit History)
Register of War Memorials in New South Wales On-Line


Kane-Maguire L. (Leon) Desert Scorpions: 459 Squadron RAAF 1942-1945, Australian Military History Publications Loftus NSW 2232, 2007

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